The History Of Christianity And The Facts Of Rome

Emperor Constantine

Emperor Constantine Few people know that Christianity was founded in Rome, not Jerusalem. It took the power of the Roman empire to make Christians a political movement, and only under Roman law could the religion survive.


Christianity’s roots can be traced back to the Jewish faith, which was founded by the Hebrew people in the Middle East over 4000 years ago. Christianity began as a sect of Judaism but soon developed into its own distinct religion.

The early Christians were a persecuted minority within the Roman Empire. Emperor Nero was especially brutal in his persecution of Christians, and he is believed to have ordered the execution of the Apostle Paul. Despite this persecution, Christianity continued to grow in popularity.

In 313AD, Emperor Constantine had a vision of a cross before an important battle. He took this as a sign from God and declared Christianity to be the official religion of Rome. This Edict of Milan made Christianity legal throughout the empire and led to a period of relative peace and prosperity for Christians.

However, not all Romans were happy with this new religion. In 380AD, Emperor Theodosius decreed that all citizens of the empire must profess Christianity or face punishment. This effectively made paganism illegal and sparked centuries of conflict between pagans and Christians.

The history of Christianity is full of fascinating stories and characters. From its humble beginnings to its current status as the largest religion in the world, it has truly been an extraordinary journey.

The Rise of Christianity

Between the 1st and 4th centuries, Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, gaining converts from all walks of life. By the early 4th century, Christianity had become the official religion of the empire.

Christianity began as a Jewish sect in Jerusalem in the 1st century AD. The sect was persecuted by the Jewish authorities, who saw it as a threat to their power. In AD 70, the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and its temple, which further alienated the Jews from Christianity.

The new religion spread slowly at first, but it gained momentum after the conversion of Constantine I in 312. Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which granted religious toleration to Christians. He also supported the construction of churches and other infrastructure for the Christian community. Emperor Constantine

Under Constantine’s patronage, Christianity flourished and became an increasingly important part of Roman society. By the end of the 4th century, it was dominant in both the western and eastern halves of the empire.

Roman Rule in the Holy Land

In the early days of Christianity, the religion was largely confined to the Jewish people of Judea. However, as Christianity began to spread throughout the Roman Empire, it began to attract converts from other regions and cultures. By the 4th century, Christianity had become the dominant religion of the empire.

As Christianity became more widespread, its relationship with Rome became increasingly complicated. Although Rome generally tolerated the new religion, there were periods of persecution under certain emperors. In 312 Constantine had a vision of a cross before a battle, which he interpreted as a sign from God that he should be victorious. After his victory, Constantine converted to Christianity and declared it to be the official religion of the empire. This Edict of Milan effectively ended all official persecution of Christians within the empire.

Under Constantine’s rule, and that of his successors, Christianity continued to spread and grow in influence. In 380 Emperor Theodosius, I made Christianity the only legal religion in the empire. This ushered in a new era of Christian dominance in Rome.

During this time, Rome controlled much of the Holy Land, where Jesus had lived and preached. In order to control this important region, Rome installed puppet rulers who were compliant with their wishes. This resulted in a period of turmoil and instability in Judea. However, Rome’s grip on Judea was finally broken in 614 when Persian forces conquered Jerusalem.

The Christian Response to Rome

There are a number of different ways in which Christians have responded to the city of Rome throughout history. Some have been more positive and some more negative, but all have had their own reasons for their views.

One of the most famous Christian responses to Rome was that of Saint Augustine in the 4th century. Augustine was originally from North Africa and had been a student in Rome. However, he became disillusioned with the city and its pagan ways. In his book The City of God, he described Rome as being full of vice and corruption. He also believed that it was doomed to fall because of its wickedness. Despite all this, Augustine still had a great deal of respect for Roman culture and learning, and he urged Christians to learn from the Romans while also remaining true to their own faith. Emperor Constantine

In more recent times, there has been a much more positive attitude towards Rome from many Christians. Vatican City is now seen as a place of pilgrimage for millions of believers from around the world. And although there are still some who view Rome with suspicion or dislike, such as some Protestant groups who believe that the Catholic Church is too closely tied to the city, overall there is a far greater level of acceptance and even reverence towards Rome than there was in centuries past.


In conclusion, it is important to remember the history of Christianity and the facts of Rome. Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ and His apostles. The Roman Empire played a significant role in the development of Christianity. Rome provided a stable government that allowed for the spread of the gospel. The Roman Empire also persecuted Christians, which led to the growth of the church.

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